Oaks in the white oak group can be distinguished by smooth edges around the perimeter of their leaves, broad lobes on leaves (see the photo above), and scaly or shaggy appearing bark. However, certain key characteristics of bark, leaf shape, and acorns can usually distinguish them. The tubules in red oak are continuous, whereas the white oak’s are interrupted. Comments: Swamp White Oak falls into the white oak group, and shares many of the same traits as White Oak (Quercus alba). Odor: Has a tell-tale smell that is common to most oaks. These two … Leaves: Alternate, simple, lobed; lobes with rounded tips, Seed Bearing Frequency: Every 3 to 5 years, Seed Stratification: Prechill for 4 months at 34°F to 40°F, Swamp White Oak Leaves - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org. Red oak and White oak leaves. Fall color is yellow with some orange. Hard, durable, and moderately priced, White Oak presents an exceptional value to woodworkers—which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. It can survive in a variety of habitats. The other oak, small, is the new Hungarian oak we planted this spring, with very interesting leaf shape. The Swamp White Oak in particular is a fast grower. Some of these trees will have leaves that possess a more pointed lobe, with the lobes tipped with bristles. The white oak group, which includes the white, bur, overcup, post, Chapman, chestnut, swamp chestnut, swamp white and chinkapin, grow on the eastern half of the continent. Height: 45’ Spread: 45’ Site characteristics: Full sun; moist to wet, deep acidic soils Zone: 4a - 8b Wet/dry: Tolerates temporary flooding, wet soils and somewhat dry soils Native range: North Central United States Salt: Sensitive pH: 5.0 - 7.0 Other: Variable susceptibility to iron chlorosis Whereas, white oak has leaves with rounded edges. It is a very nice yard tree and a good windbreak tree. Fall color ranges from harvest gold to russet brown, and in some years displays a beautiful red and orange. Thread starter Mike MoMo; Start date Jul 19, 2016; Mike MoMo Mame. Ohh look an Oak. Swamp White oak has adapted to the Eastern half of the state and grows best on moist, loamy soils but it will grow on most soils if adequate moisture is available. Swamp White Oak vs Bur Oak. The lustrous, lobed leaves have a two-tone appearance, dark green on top with a silvery-white underside. The bark is smooth on small branches, purplish brown and separates into large, papery scales. On large branches and trunks, the break breaks into broad, flat ridges, with deep fissures and is gray-brown to reddish brown in color. Grows well in most places zone 3-8 but does not like high PH soils and can cause yellowing of the leaves. With its lustrous, dark, semi-evergreen leaves and gracefully spreading branches, the live oak is beautiful. It is a large 80 FT spreading oak that can endure weeks of flooding but not constantly wet soil. Swamp white oak acorns are 3/4 to 1 1/2 inch long and grow alone or in clusters of two to four on a stalk that’s 1 to 4 inches long. One of my favorite things to look at to distinguish this species from others is its peeling bark on 1.5” to 2” branches up in the canopy of the tree. It forms hybrids with bur oak where they occur together in the wild. Fall color is an orange-gold to yellow in mid-autumn. White oak is a favorite tree for wildlife, timber value, and aesthetics, and it needs no explanation. Grain/Texture: Has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain. Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer. Swamp White Oak is recommended for the following landscape applications; Shade; Planting & Growing. Swamp Chestnut Oak Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor) is a member of the broad white oak group (white, bur, chinkapin, swamp white, and post oaks).This group is characterized by having rounded lobes on the leaves and acorns which mature in a single growing season and sprout soon after they fall in the autumn. Where To Grow. The swamp white oak is an excellent tree for planting in the yard or as a woodland tree. Bark Identification of Red Oak vs White Oak Young trees of swamp white oak are tolerant of light shade but become more characteristic of full sun with maturity. There is one tree on my street that has all the other features of a Swamp Chestnut Oak but has lobes instead of wavy edges on the leaves. Leaves on Swamp White Oak are a dark green above and white to grayish green underneath-thus the name Q. bicolor. The wood is … It grows faster than most other white oaks, attaining a height of 60 to 70 feet and a trunk diameter of 2 to 3 feet. Avoid planting swamp white oak on calcareous soils; it prefers acidic, moist to wet soils for optimum growth and development. The botanical name of swamp white oak means "two color" referring to the strong contrast in color between the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. Bur oak and swamp white oak are very similar and can occupy the same habitat, especially in the Midwest where both are common. The leaves are large (5 to 7 inches long) with rounded, shallow lobes. In the fall, when leaves change colors, the leaves on red oaks will often display brilliant colors. Pricing/Availability: Slightly more expensive than Red Oak, White Oak is in good/sustainable supply and is moderately priced. Adaptable to adverse soil conditions. In the forest industry swamp white oak is used for the same purposes as white oak (Quercus alba). Capable of growing upwards of 100 feet. The color depends on your soil and geographic area. A member of the white oak family, swamp chestntut oak produces extremely large acorns that are highly attractive to whitetails. All have alternately arranged leaves, usually with rounded tips. The Difference in Bur & White Oak. Red Oak vs White Oak - Duration: 4:15. White Oaks. The wood of swamp white oak resembles that of other white oaks; it is heavy, hard and moderately durable. Oaks are one of the common tree species in forests and parks in temperate countries in the Northern Hemisphere. To identify the type of oak tree, you need to look at its bark, leaves, acorns and its general shape. White oak is less susceptible to oak wilt than the red oak species. Swamp white oak grows best in full sun in moist to wet, deep, acidic soils. You'll enjoy a tree that casts dense shade within 10 years. Habitat: Grows in bottomland areas of eastern one-third of Iowa. It is long lived like most oaks, attaining ages of 300 years or more. Red and white oaks grow throughout the United States and Canada. The interruption causes a stronger pattern and provides better rot resistance. The group includes trees such as the iconic white oak, swamp chestnut oak, post oak, and overcup oak. The strong, hard wood of swamp white oak is the valuable lumber sold as "white oak… Swamp White Oak Fruit - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Swamp White Oak Leaves - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Swamp White Oak Twig - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Swamp White Oak Bark - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has been reported as a sensitizer. Height: Varies with species. White oak is considered an upland oak, but can also thrive on well-drained bottomlands. It like many other bottomland species has a relatively high requirement for iron. Swamp White Oak is monoecious, producing separate male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on the same tree. The leaves of an oak tree are important indicators of the oak group to which a species belongs. The leaves of the white oaks typically feature lobes with rounded ends, like on a bur oak, or foliage with edges with rounded serrations all along their margins, which is the case with the various chestnut oaks. Swamp White Oak Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Hardiness: Varies with the species of oak tree, ranging from zone 3 to zone 9. There are certainly good reasons for this. The male flowers are produced along drooping catkins about 2-4" long; the male flowers are sparsely distributed along these catkins in small clusters. 17.95: Available: 9992Q: Swamp white oak - Quercus bicolor Young plug plant - Height of plant: 20/30 cm . white oak: wide variety of habitats: Quercus bicolor swamp white oak: wetlands: Quercus coccinea scarlet oak: dry slopes: Quercus falcata southern red oak: often on dry slopes and ridges. The red oak group includes leaves with an array of appearances. The inner surface of the acorn shell is smooth and the relatively sweet acorns of white … The Swamp White Oak, Quercus bicolor, has similar bark features to the Q. michauxii as well as large oval shaped leaves. Development of a 2-layer root system allows it to grow well in areas that are flooded in spring but markedly dry in summer. : swamp white oak grows to a dull brown when fall comes around listed in the white is. 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