highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape. Cherokee Indians used the inner bark to make a green tea infusion as a sedative to calm nerves. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. Betula lenta L. Sweet Birch. Other benefits includes supporting kidney health, regulating hormone levels, promoting healthy scalp and acting as a … Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. This Omeka collection is hosted by The Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont. Uses (Ethnobotany): This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Neil I. Lamson. Betula lentaGaultheria procumbens It may seem strange to consider together two such different plants as the black or sweet birch, a towering tree growing to 60 feet, and the inconspicuous trailing wintergreen, or teaberry, often only two inches tall! The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6", broad, ovate with cordate base, single-toothed margins, alternate and simple. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Used in warm infusion wherever a stimulating diaphoretic is required; also in diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera infantum, etc. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. Bark tea used for fevers, stomachache, and lung ailments. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. Birch oil is the real source of ‘oil of wintergreen’ essential oil, used in chewing gum, breath mints and many quality medicinal products. (Betula pendula Roth) Used externally, birch has soothing, antiseptic, healing, hair-tonifying and antiperspirant properties. Betula lenta L. Show All Show Tabs sweet birch General Information; Symbol: BELE Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Sweet Birch essential oil has a history of use for sore and fatigued muscles. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. Oil from bark used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties to treat rheumatism, gout, and bladder infection. Betula lenta pulp is used in various products such as box boards, book and newsprint, and corrugated paper. 2013;68(6):382-3. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. ← Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch, Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. It grows primarily on the mountains of the western part of the state. To learn more about five common medicinal trees and shrubs, visit Juliet’s article here. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. The resin also serves many medicinal purposes. Historically, B. lenta was harvested to produce wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate) that was distilled from it. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers. Betulaceae -- Birch family. North American birch is extracted from the fragrant inner bark and twigs of the tree. Dark, shiny, tight bark with horizontal lenticels. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Foliage is a reliable golden yellow and among the best of the birches. This makes it an excellent ally in the treatment and cure of many skin abnormalities. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. Also commonly referred to as Black Birch or Cherry Birch, this versatile-minty essential oil has a captivating medicinal yet refreshing wintergreen aroma that's very invigorating. Therapeutic birch essential oil ( Betula lenta) can be sourced from the U.S.A or Canada in an indigenous, wild-crafted state. Several species belonging to the genus Betula are widely used in traditional medicine. The branches of a young Black Birch tree (Lewis-Slammon, 2014). Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. The hard, close grained lumber is used for furniture and interior trims. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. The oil, called "oil of wintergreen", used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically. Crushed twigs smell like wintergreen. Contact Dermatitis. Heights of 50 feet (15 m) to 80 feet (24 m) are more typical. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Sap has been used for syrup and brewed into beer; however, oil from the bark can be toxic. The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. Leaves turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. 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